With the living pattern of human beings are developing, the various methods to express the ideas are also found. Among those various methods, “language” is one of important things. Today, there are many languages and while each country has its’ own language, there are some common languages also. When focusing on Sri Lanka, “Sinhala” is accepted as the state language and to write Sinhala Language, Sinhala Hodiya is used. This has very long history and it is about 2500 years. It is founded that before expressing his/her thoughts by using alphabets, the man used various types of impressive handmade pictures.it was around 3200 BCE. It is said that the history of the alphabet started in ancient Egypt in 2700 BCE. As other many languages, Sinhala is the language which is written from left to right side. And it is considered that orgin of Sinhala alphabets was based on brahmi alphabets. Today, in Sinhala Hodiya, we can see three versions there; Pure Sinhala (Elu hodiya), the Mixed Sinhala Hodiya and the accepted Sinhala Hodiya (sammatha sinhala akshara malawa).
More about Sinhala Hodiya
The Pure Sinhala Alphabet consists of 12 vowels and 25 consonants. And this mixed Sinhala alphabet consists of 18 vowels and 41 consonants. There are 20 vowels and 41 consonants in the accepted Sinhala Alphabet.
In Sinhala Alphabet, there are some signs used to define multiple sound values and these signs are called “pili” (vowel strokes). They are; “Elapilla”, “Ispilla”and “Papilla”. When it is used as “digu” (long) to these signs, the vowel is sounded for longer. They are; “Digu Papilla” and “Digu Ispilla”. And some signs are using twice also.
The Burmese alphabet is composed of circular shapes that must always be drawn clockwise and it is considered as the most beautiful alphabet in the world and the second place goes to Sinhala alphabet. The Georgian alphabet and Tagalog (Philippines) alphabet are considered as 03rd and 04th most elegance alphabets in the world respectively.